Karolien Adriaens obtained her Master’s degree in Clinical Psychology in 2014. During her Masters, she conducted one of the first RCT’s concerning electronic cigarettes. Currently, she is pursuing a Ph.D. in Psychology at the Centre for the Psychology of Learning and Experimental Psychopathology at the KU Leuven. Her main research interests are tobacco harm reduction, electronic cigarettes, and newly developed harm reduction tools, such as heat-not-burn cigarettes. Karolien is investigating the effect of electronic cigarettes as a harm reduction tool in different groups of current smokers: first time e-cigarette users, dual users and smokers who visit a tobacco counselor to quit smoking.